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Tuesday, January 3, 2012

The American Indian-simple,graceful and sings of the joy of life.



I have always admired the Indian Philosophy of life. It is simple,graceful and sings of the joy of life.
 Its art is amazing, and their music soothing. Harmony in all relationships.

















































Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples in North America within the boundaries of the present-day continental United States, parts of Alaska, and the island state of Hawaii. They are composed of numerous, distinct Native American tribes and ethnic groups, many of which survive as intact political communities. The terms used to refer to Native Americans have been controversial. According to a 1995 US Census Bureau set of home interviews, most of the respondents with an expressed preference refer to themselves as American Indians or Indians, and this term has been adopted by major newspapers and some academic groups; however, this term does not include those Alaskan Natives who are not Indian or Native Hawaiians.
Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas, and their importation of Africansas slaves, has led to centuries of conflict and adjustment between Old and New World societies. Europeans created most of the early written historical record about Native Americans after the colonists' immigration to the Americas.[3] Many Native Americans lived as hunter-gatherer societies and told their histories by oral traditions. In many groups, women carried out sophisticated cultivation of numerous varieties of staple crops: maize, beans and squash. The indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the agrarian, proto-industrial, mostly Christian immigrants from western Eurasia. Many Native cultures were matrilineal; the people occupied lands for use of the entire community, for hunting or agriculture. Europeans at that time had patriarchal cultures and had developed concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were extremely different.
The differences in cultures between the established Native Americans and immigrant Europeans, as well as shifting alliances among different nations of each culture through the centuries, caused extensive political tension, ethnic violence and social disruption. The American Indians suffered high fatalities from the contact with infectiousEurasian diseases, to which they had no acquired immunityEpidemics after European contact caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations. Estimates of the pre-Columbian population of what today constitutes the U.S. vary significantly, ranging from 1 million to 18 million.[4][5]
After the colonies revolted against Great Britain and established the United States of America, President George Washington and Henry Knox conceived of the idea of "civilizing" Native Americans in preparation for assimilation as United States citizens.[6][7][8][9][10] Assimilation (whether voluntary as with the Choctaw,[11][12] or forced) became a consistent policy through American administrations. During the 19th century, the ideology of Manifest destiny became integral to the American nationalist movement. Expansion of European-American populations to the west after the American Revolution resulted in increasing pressure on Native American lands, warfare between the groups, and rising tensions. In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the government to relocate Native Americans from their homelands within established states to lands west of theMississippi River, accommodating European-American expansion.
The first European Americans to encounter the western interior tribes were generally fur traders and trappers. There were also Jesuit missionaries active in the Northern Tier. As United States expansion reached into theAmerican West, settler and miner migrants came into increasing conflict with the Great BasinGreat Plains, and other Western tribes. These were complex nomadic cultures based on horse culture and seasonal bison hunting. They carried out strong resistance to United States incursions in the decades after the American Civil War, in a series of Indian Wars, which were frequent up until the 1890s, but continued into the 20th century. The transcontinental railroad brought more non-Natives into tribal land in the west. Over time, the U.S. forced a series of treaties and land cessions by the tribes, and established reservations for them in many western states. U.S. agents encouraged Native Americans to adopt European-style farming and similar pursuits, but European-American agricultural technology of the time was inadequately for often dry reservation lands. In 1924, Native Americans who were not already U.S. citizens were granted citizenship by Congress.
Contemporary Native Americans have a unique relationship with the United States because they may be members of nations, tribes, or bands with sovereignty and treaty rights. Since the late 1960s, American Indian activism has led to the building of cultural infrastructure and wider recognition: they have founded independent newspapers and online media; FNX, the first Native American television channel (2011),[13] community schools,tribal colleges, and tribal museums and language programs; Native American studies programs in major universities; and national and state museums. American Indian and Alaskan Native authors have been increasingly published; they work as academics, policymakers, doctors, and in a wide variety of occupations. Cultural activism has led to an expansion of efforts to teach and preserve indigenous languages for younger generations. Their societies and cultures flourish within a larger population of descendants of immigrants (both voluntary and involuntary): AfricanAsianMiddle 
Joseph Brant by Gilbert Stuart 1786.jpgSequoyah.jpgPushmataha high resolution.jpg
Tecumseh02.jpgTouch the Clouds 1877a.jpgSitting Bull.jpg
ChiefJoseph.jpegCharles eastman smithsonian gn 03462a-cropped.jpgBilly Bowlegs III.jpg
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Native Americans of the United States (from top left):
Total population
American Indian and Alaska Native
One race: 2.5 million are registered[1]
In combination with one or more other races: 1.6 million are registered[2]
1.37% of the U.S. population
Regions with significant populations
Predominantly in the Western United States
Languages
Religion
Native American Church
Protestant
Roman Catholic
Russian Orthodox
Traditional Ceremonial Ways
(Unique to Specific Tribe or Band)
Related ethnic groups


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UFO's: Do Aliens Really Exist?-Yes I think they do

From Roswell in the 50's to modern times, the question is always asked are aliens out there?
My personal observations over a 60 year life span would say resoundingly-Yes.
At the age of twelve on a camping trip in the woods of Michigan with a friend camping under the stars, we both saw a band of light up near the edge of the atmosphere with a circulating light show. The ufo was going red green blue across in a consistent pattern. In the blink of an eye, it went from one side of the horizon to the other. Nothing at the time was capable of this in our military, or in civilian life. I looked at my friend and asked what was that?-His reply-a ufo. Thirty years later living in the wilds of the desert  in southern California, I was sitting on top of a high in the air over hang I had constructed. I was looking out over the desert with binoculars. Way out where there were no roads, or people I saw 3 large columns, lit up like a christmas tree. In the center was a large oval shaped "ship". The columns were rotating color, red green blue up and down. Just like the pattern I had seen 30 years earlier. At first I thought I might be hallucinating so I called my son to come up and see. I asked him "what does that look like out there to you?". Looks like a space ship to me Dad was the reply. Not even a week later a large military truck pulled up into my place with about 25 soldiers all armed with automatic weapons. I was asked if I had seen anything strange. I looked at my children and then back at him. No sir, nothing out of the ordinary at all. They left. Many times I have felt that the jump in computer technology in a period of years from giant vacuum tubes to IC chips was the result of backward engineering.
  I have read hundreds of accounts of abductions,sightings, and more. People globally have seen and experianced phenomena which appears to be aliens. Because of the vastness of space, the newly discovered planets which could harbor life as we know it. And my belief that God is Omnipotent.
 Ask me "Gary do you believe in aliens?"-The answer is yes I do.









Gallery Of Alien Images-Click Any Image For Full Screen




























Alien abduction

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The terms alien abduction or abduction phenomenon describe "subjectively real memories
 of being taken secretly against one’s will by apparently nonhuman entities and subjected to
 complex physical and psychological procedures."[1] People claiming to have been abducted
 are usually called "abductees" or "experiencers." Typical claims involve being subjected to a 
forced medical examination that emphasizes theirreproductive system.[2] Abductees sometimes
 claim to have been warned against environmental abuse and the dangers of nuclear weapons.[3]
 Consequently, while many of these purported encounters are described as terrifying, some have
 been viewed as pleasurable or transformative.
Due to a lack of any substantial physical evidence, most scientists and mental health professionals
 dismiss the phenomenon as "[d]eception, suggestibility (fantasy-proneness, hypnotizability,
 false-memory syndrome), personality, sleep phenomena, psychopathologypsychodynamics
 [and] environmental factors.".[4] Skeptic Robert Sheaffer also sees similarity between the aliens
 depicted in early science fiction films, in particular,Invaders From Mars, and those reported to
 have actually abducted people.[5]
The first alien abduction claim to be widely publicized was the Betty and Barney Hill abduction 
in 1961.[6] Reports of the abduction phenomenon have been made around the world, but are most
 common in English speaking countries, especially the United States.[5] The contents of the
 abduction narrative often seem to vary with the home culture of the alleged abductee.[5]
Alien abductions have been the subject of conspiracy theories and science fiction
 storylines
 (notably The X-Files) which have speculated on stealth technologyrequired if the phenomenon
were real, the motivations for secrecy and that alien implants could be a possible form of physical evidence.
Overview


Mainstream scientists reject claims that the phenomenon literally occurs as reported. However, there is little doubt that many apparently stable persons who report alien abductions believe their experiences were real.[8] As reported in the Harvard University Gazette in 1992, Dr. John Edward Mack investigated over 800 claimed abductees, and "spent countless therapeutic hours with these individuals only to find that what struck him was the 'ordinariness' of the population, including a restaurant owner, several secretaries, a prison guard, college students, a university administrator, and several homemakers ... 'The majority of abductees do not appear to be deludedconfabulating, lying, self-dramatizing, or suffering from a clear mental illness,' he maintained."[9] "While psychopathology is indicated in some isolated alien abduction cases," Stanley Krippner et al. confirmed, "assessment by both clinical examination and standardized tests has shown that, as a group, abduction experients are not different from the general population in term of psychopathology prevalence."[10] Other experts who have argued that abductees' mental health is no better or worse than average include psychologists John Wilson and Rima Laibow, and psychotherapist David Gotlib.[11]
Some abduction reports are quite detailed. An entire subculture has developed around the subject, with support groups and a detailed mythos explaining the reasons for abductions: The various aliens (GreysReptilians, "Nordics" and so on) are said to have specific roles, origins, and motivations. Abduction claimants do not always attempt to explain the phenomenon, but some take independent research interest in it themselves, and explain the lack of greater awareness of alien abduction as the result of eitherextraterrestrial or governmental interest in cover-up.



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Extraterrestrial life




Alien life, such as bacteria, has been theorized to exist in the Solar System and quite
 possibly throughout the Universe. This theory relies on the vast size and consistent 
physical laws of the observable Universe. According to this argument, made by scientists
 such as Carl Sagan and Stephen Hawking, it would be improbable for life not to exist 
somewhere other than Earth.[1][2] This argument is embodied in the Copernican principle,
 which states that the Earth does not occupy a favored position in the Universe, and the
 mediocrity principle, which holds that there is nothing special about life on Earth.[3]
 Life may have emerged independently at many places throughout the Universe.
 Alternatively life may form less frequently, then spread between habitable planets 
through panspermia or exogenesis.[4]
Suggested locations at which life might have developed, or which might continue to host 
life today, include the planets Venus[5] and MarsJupiter's moon Europa,[6]and Saturn's
 moons Titan and Enceladus.[7] In May 2011, NASA scientists reported that Enceladus
 "is emerging as the most habitable spot beyond Earth in the Solar System for life as we
 know it".[8][9] Life may appear on extrasolar planets, such as Gliese 581 cg and d, recently
 discovered to be near Earth mass and apparently located in their star's habitable zone
with the potential to have liquid water.[10]
No samples of extraterrestrial life have been found. However, various controversial claims 
have been made for evidence of extraterrestrial life.[11] Beliefs that some
unidentified flying objects are of extraterrestrial origin (see Extraterrestrial hypothesis),[12] 
along with claims of alien abduction,[13] are dismissed by most scientists. Most 
UFO sightings are explained either as sightings of Earth-based aircraft or known 
In November 2011, the White House released an official response to two petitions asking
 the U.S. government to acknowledge formally that aliens have visited Earth and to disclose
 any intentional withholding of government interactions with extraterrestrial beings.
 According to the response, "The U.S. government has no evidence that any life exists outside 
our planet, or that an extraterrestrial presence has contacted or engaged any member of the
 human race."[15][16] Also, according to the response, there is "no credible information to 
suggest that any evidence is being hidden from the public's eye."[15][16] The response further
 noted that efforts, like SETI, the Kepler space telescope and the NASA Mars rover, continue
 looking for signs of life. The response noted "odds are pretty high" that there may be life on
 other planets but "the odds of us making contact with any of them—especially
 any intelligent ones—are extremely small, given the distances involved."[15][16]


Direct search

Scientists are directly searching for evidence of unicellular life within the Solar System
carrying out studies on the surface of Mars and examining meteors which have fallen
 to Earth. A mission is proposed to Europa, one of Jupiter's moons with a possible 
liquid-water layer under its surface and might contain life.[46]
There is some limited evidence that microbial life might possibly exist (or have existed)
 on Mars.[47] An experiment on the Viking Mars lander reported gas emissions from 
heated Martian soil that some argue are consistent with the presence of microbes.
 However, the lack of corroborating evidence from other experiments on the Viking lander
 indicates that a non-biological reaction is a more likely hypothesis. Independently,
 in 1996, structures resemblingnanobacteria were reportedly discovered in a meteorite,
 ALH84001, thought to be formed of rock ejected from Mars. This report is controversial.

Electron micrograph of martian meteoriteALH84001 showing structures that some scientists think could be fossilized bacteria-like life forms.
In February 2005, NASA scientists reported that they had found strong evidence of present life on Mars.[48] The two scientists, Carol Stoker and Larry Lemke of NASA's Ames Research Center, based their claims on methane signatures found in Mars' atmosphere resembling the methane production of some forms of primitive life on Earth, as well as on their own study of primitive life near the Rio Tinto river in Spain. NASA officials soon denied the scientists' claims, and Stoker herself backed off from her initial assertions.[49]
Though such findings are still very much in debate, support among scientists for the belief in the existence of life on Mars seems to be growing. In an informal survey conducted at the conference at which the European Space Agencypresented its findings, 75 percent of the scientists in attendance were reported to believe that life once existed on Mars, and 25 percent reported a belief that life currently exists there.[50]
In November 2011, NASA launched the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover which is designed to search for past or present habitability on Mars using a variety of scientific instruments. The MSL is scheduled to land on Mars at Gale Crater in August 2012.[51][52][53]
The Gaia hypothesis stipulates that any planet with a robust population of life will have an atmosphere in chemical disequilibrium, which is relatively easy to determine from a distance by spectroscopy. However, significant advances in the ability to find and resolve light from smaller rocky worlds near their star are necessary before such spectroscopic methods can be used to analyze extrasolar planets.
On March 5, 2011, Richard B. Hoover, an astrobiologist with the Marshall Space Flight Center, speculated on the finding of alleged microfossils similar tocyanobacteria in CI1 carbonaceous meteorites.[54][55] However, NASA formally distanced itself from Hoover's claim.[56][57][58] See Hoover paper controversy for more details.
In August 2011, findings by NASA, based on studies of meteorites found on Earth, suggests DNA and RNA components (adenineguanine and related organic molecules), building blocks for life as we know it, may be formed extraterrestrially in outer space.[59][60][61] In October 2011, scientists reported that cosmic dustcontains complex organic matter ("amorphous organic solids with a mixed aromatic-aliphatic structure") that could be created naturally, and rapidly, bystars.[62][63][64] One of the scientists suggested that these compounds may have been related to the development of life on Earth and said that, "If this is the case, life on Earth may have had an easier time getting started as these organics can serve as basic ingredients for life."[62]


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